Mandarin Language Game online book

Site: ASPS StampIT
Course: StampIT Mandarin
Book: Mandarin Language Game online book
Printed by: Guest user
Date: Friday, 22 October 2021, 4:12 AM

Description

This can be downloaded in pdf format Chinese Characters

1. Dragon

 Dragon lóng 龙      





This stamp was issued in 1987 in set of 4 stamps showing different kites. 


The character for dragon has changed over time from a simple picture. 


Suggested activities:

  • Learn a dragon dance
  • Make a dragon mask

Next page is about kites

 

2. Kite


Kite fēngzhēng 风筝     




This stamp was issued in 2015 in a set of 6 stamps which together form the shape of a fan and celebrate the 'Beginning of Spring' in the 24 seasonal periods. This stamp has 清明 qīng míng written on it which means clear and bright. 



The word for kite is made up from two characters. The first means wind and the second means a stringed instrument. The character for wind has changed over time from a simple drawing. 


Suggested activities:

  • Find out about the 24 seasonal periods.
  • Make a kite.
  • Fly a kite.

Next page is about the Chinese flag

3. Chinese Flag


Chinese flag zhōngguó guóqí 中国国旗  


This stamp was issued in 1950 in a set of 5 stamps all showing the same picture but with different values celebrating the 1st anniversary of The People's Republic of China. 



The literal meaning for China is middle kingdom:


Suggested activities:

  • Draw the Chinese flag. 
  • Find out about the history of the flag.

Next page is about The Summer Palace

4. The Summer Palace


The Summer Palace yí hé yuán 颐和园   




This stamp was issued in 2008 in a miniature sheet. 


Although translated as 'The Summer Palace', the Chinese meaning is the 'Garden of Preserving Harmony'. The character for garden is a phonogram. Phonogram characters have one part which links to the meaning and one part which links to the sound. 


Suggested activities:

  • Find out about the history of 'The Summer Palace'. 
  • Compare this photo of the palace with the image on the stamp. 

Next page is about the golden pheasant

5. Golden Pheasant


Golden Pheasant hóng fù jǐnjī 红腹锦鸡   




This stamp was issued in 2008 in a set of 6 stamps showing different Chinese birds. 


The literal translation for this bird describes it:


Suggested activities:

  • Find out about the golden pheasant - their range, habitat and diet. 
  • Find out the Chinese characters for the other colours on the golden pheasant. 
Next page is about large seal characters

6. Large Seal Characters


Large seal characters dà zhuàn 大篆   




This stamp was issued in 2003 in a set of 2 stamps showing different ancient characters. 


The large seal characters are early pictograms and ideograms. There are many examples of the seal characters in this book. There are also other ancient characters from different times, for example the oracle bone script, bronze script and seal characters. 


Suggested activities:

  • Try writing these ancient characters:

Next page is about the pheonix

7. Pheonix


Pheonix fènghuáng 凤凰   





This stamp was issued in 1987 in a set of 4 stamps showing different kites. 


Note that you have to look very closely at some Chinese characters because some of them look very similar. The first character looks very like the word for wind but it is different:


Spot the difference! 

Suggested activities:

  • Find out about the legend of the pheonix
  • Make your own imaginary animal

Next page is about brush painting

8. Brush Painting


Brush Painting máobǐ huà 毛笔画   




This stamp was issued in 1997 in a set of 6 stamps celebrating the centenary of the birth of Pan Tianshou, a famous Chinese artist. 


The traditional brushes are made from hair with bamboo handles. The character for brush is made up from the characters for bamboo and hair. The character 画 huà means painting. 


Suggested activities:

  • Look at and compare different brush paintings. 
  • Create a picture in brush painting style. 

Next page is about printing

9. Printing


Printing yìnshuā 印刷   



This stamp was issued in 2005 in a set of 4 stamps on Chinese inventions. The other stamps show paper making, gunpowder and an early compass. 


The word for printing is made up from two characters. The first means to print and the second means to brush or to paint. The character for 'to print' has not changed very much over time. 


Suggested activities:

  • Make your own paper
  • Using rubber stamps or block printing create a bookmark or card

Next page is about planes

10. Planes


Plane fēijī 飞机   



This stamp was issued in 1996 in a set of 4 stamps celebrating economic growth in Hong Kong. 


The word for plane is made up from two characters. The first means fly and the second means a machine. 


The original character for fly is a simple picture of a crane flying with its feathers spread out. 


Suggested activities:

  • Find out how long it takes to fly to Beijing. 
  • Find out the time difference between UK and China. 

Next page is about the compass

11. Compass


Compass zhǐnánzhēn 指南针  



This stamp was issued in 2005 in a set of 4 stamps on Chinese inventions. The other stamps show printing, paper making and gunpowder. 


The word for compass is made up from three characters. The first means finger and also to point at, the second means south and the third means needle. The literal translation of compass is 'to point at the south with a needle'. 


Suggested activities:

  • Find out how to use a compass and map to navigate. 

Next page is about the giant panda

12. Giant Pandas


Giant panda dàxióngmāo 打熊猫   




This stamp was issued in 1963 in a set of 3 stamps which are believed to be the first stamps with giant pandas on them. 


The literal translation is big bear cat.


Suggested activities:

Find out about the giant panda - their range, habitat, diet and young. 

Next page is about the terracotta army

13. Terracotta Army


Terracotta Army bīngmǎyǒng 兵马俑   



This stamp was issued in 1990 in a set of two stamps celebrating the 10th anniversary of the discovery of bronze chariots in Emperor Qin Shi Huang's tomb. 



The literal translation for the terracotta army is 'soldier and horse figures buried with the dead'. The character for horse has changed over time from a simple picture of a horse. 

     

Suggested activities:

  • Find out about the Emperor Qin and the terracotta army. 

Next page is about Mount Gongga


14. Mount Gongga


Mount Gongga gònggā shān 贡嘎山   




This stamp was issued in 1965 in a set of 5 stamps celebrating Chinese mountaineering achievements. Mount Gongga is the highest mountain in the Sichuan province, China. 


The character for mountain has changed over time from a simple picture of a mountain. 


Suggested activities:

  • Find out the height of Mount Gongga. 
  • Compare Mount Gongga to the highest mountain in the world - Mount Everest. 
  • Compare Mount Gongga to the highest mountain in the UK - Ben Nevis, Scotland. 

Next page is about the white river dolphin

15. White River Dolphin


White river dolphin bái qítún 白鳍豚

(Please note the card version available to download on the site has bái jìtún 白暨豚. Both are correct but the more usual form is above.)  

 





This stamp was issued in 2000 in a set of 10 stamps on Chinese wildlife. 


River dolphin is jiāng tún 江豚 which is literally river dolphin but this species of white river dolphin is known as bái qítún. The character for white is similar to the character for sun but with a small mark showing the sun is just rising and the light is white. 


Suggested activities:

  • Find out about the white river dolphin including how endangered it is. 
  • Find out the Chinese character for the colour black. 

Next page is about the zodiac

16. Zodiac


Zodiac shēngxiào 生肖   





This stamp was issued in 2005 entitled Chinese Zodiac animals.


The literal translation for zodiac is 'to resemble (be similar to) life'.


Suggested activities:

  • Find out about the legend of the Chinese zodiac. 
  • Name all the Chinese zodiac animals. 
  • Find out which animal you resemble. 

Next page is about pollution

17. Water Pollution


Water pollution shuǐ wūrǎn 水污染   


This stamp was issued in 2002 in a set of 8 stamps about environmental protection. The other stamps include images for forest protection, mineral resources protection, biodiversity protection and air pollution. 


The word for pollution is made up from two characters. The first means dirty and the second means contamination. The other character means water and has changed over time from a simple picture. 


Suggested activities:

  • Find out about how water pollution is affecting the environment. 
  • Find out what you can do to help. 

Next page is about the game of Chinese chess

18. Chinese Chess


Chinese chess xiàngqí 象棋   




This stamp was issued in 1999 in a set of 4 stamps to celebrate the International Year of the Elderly. This stamp shows an older person teaching someone younger how to play Chinese chess. 


The literal translation for xiàngqí is elephant chess. There are various theories as to why it is called elephant chess:

  • ancient pieces were made of ivory;
  • the game is a battle between two armies and elephants were used in ancient wars;
  • the word for a government minister and elephant in Chinese sound the same and it was a minister who first wrote about the game. 

The character for elephant has changed over time from a simple picture


Suggested activities:

  • Find out how to play Chinese chess.
  • Play a game of Chinese chess. 

Next page is about Confucius

19. Confucius


Confucius Kǒngzǐ 孔子   




This stamp was issued in 2010 in a set of 3 stamps showing the temple, mansion and cemetery of the Chinese philosopher Confucius. 


Kǒngzǐ is the Chinese name given to the famous philosopher Confucius. The character zǐ 子is a very common character and appears in many other characters and words. It has the meaning child but is not the modern word for child, The same character 子but with the neutral tone (no tone) zi is often placed after some nouns (naming words) to complete the word. 


Suggested activities:

  • Find out about the Chinese philosopher Confucius.
  • Look up some famous Confucius quotes. 

Next page is about the flower orchid


20. Orchid


Orchid lánhuā 兰花   



This stamp was issued in 1988 in a set of 4 stamps showing different species or orchids. 


The word for orchid is made up from two characters. The first means orchid and the second means flower. The character for flower is a phonogram. Phonogram characters have one part which links to the meaning and one part which links to the sound. 


Suggested activities:

  • Find out how to care for an orchid plant. 
  • Make a paper orchid flower. 

Next page is about rock paintings

21. Rock Paintings


Rock Paintings yánhuà 岩画   



This stamp was issued in 1998 in a set of 3 stamps showing rock paintings discovered at Helan Mountains. 


The literal translation is cliff paintings. The first character means cliff and is made up from the two characters meaning mountain and rock. The character huà 画 means painting. 


Suggested activities:

  • Find out about the Helan Mountains.
  • Find out how old the rock paintings are. 

Next page is about Confucius Institutes

22. Confucius Institutes


Confucius Institute Kǒngzǐ xué yuàn 孔子学院  



This stamp was issued in 2012 in a set of 2 stamps about the Confucius Institute. Confucius Institutes are all around the world to promote the Chinese language and culture. 


Kǒngzí is the Chinese name given to the famous philosopher Confucius. The last two characters xuéyuàn 学院 mean an education institute. 学 xué means to learn. The following is a fun way to remember this character:


A child under a small roof is learning. 

A school student or pupil is xuésheng 学生. Primary school is xiǎo xué 小学 (small learning) and secondary school is zhōng xué 中学 (middle learning). 

Suggested activities:

  • Find your nearest Confucius Institute.
  • Find your nearest Confucius Classroom. 

Some additional information - Confucius Classrooms are linked to a Confucius Institute. They are usually based in schools but in 2018, the first specialist Confucius Classrooms were launched by the Confucius Institute for Scotland's Schools. The Royal Zoological Society of Scotland holds the first science specialist Confucius Classroom in the world as part of the 'Beyond the Panda' programme. 

Next page is about the green peafowl

23. Green Peafowl


Green peafowl lǜ kǒngquè 绿孔雀   



This stamp was issued in 2004 in a miniature sheet.


The word for peafowl is made up from two characters 孔雀. The first means opening and the second means a small bird so the full translation is 'a small bird's tail that opens up'. The other character 綠 means green. 

There are two characters for bird in Chinese: 鸟 niǎo - meaning a bird with long tail feathers and 隹 zhuī - meaning a bird with a short tail. 隹 zhuī is combined with the character for small to form the character 雀 què. 


Suggested activities:

  • Find out about the green peafowl - their range, habitat and diet. 
  • Make a colourful peacock tail. 

Next page is about bamboo

24. Bamboo


Bamboo zhúzi 竹子   




This stamp was issued in 1993 in a miniature sheet. 


The character for bamboo has changed over time from a simple picture. 


Suggested activities:

  • Find out about the bamboo plant - how it grows and parts of the plant. 
  • Find out how much bamboo a giant panda eats in one day. 

Next page is about tigers

25. Tiger


Tiger lǎohǔ 老虎   




This stamp was issued in 2004 in a set of two stamps showing the south China tiger. 


The word for tiger is made up from two characters. The first means old and the second means tiger. The character for tiger has changed over time from a simple drawing. 


  • FInd out how many species of tiger live in China. 
  • Find out about tigers - their range, habitat, diet and young. 

Next page is about Shanghai

26. Shanghai


Shanghai shànghǎi 上海   



This stamp was issued in 1996 in a set of 6 stamps showing different pictures of Shanghai. 


Shanghai is the largest city in China. It is on the east coast. Shanghai means on the sea. 


The character for sea has changed over time from a simple picture. 


Suggested activities:

  • Find out about the city of Shanghai. 
  • Find out the name of the capital city of China. 

Next page is about the cowrie shell

27. Cowrie Shell


Cowrie bèi 贝   





This stamp was issued in 1981 in a set of 8 stamps on ancient Chinese coins. 


The character for the cowrie shell has changed over time from a simple picture. 


From about 3000 years ago, cowrie shells and copies of the shells were used as money. The character has the meaning cowrie, shellfish and currency and appears in many other characters. The traditional characters for buying and selling include the traditional character for the cowrie shell. 


Suggested activities:

  • Find out the exchange rate for Chinese yuan to the British pound. 
  • Play a game of buying and selling with some shells. 

Next page is about calligraphy

28. Calligraphy


Calligraphy shūfǎ 书法   




This stamp was issued in 2000 in a miniature sheet. 


The literal translation for calligraphy is book law or method. 


The characters on the stamp are 中國書法 and mean Chinese calligraphy. They are written in traditional characters. In simplified characters it would read 中国书法. 

  • Find out how to correctly hold a calligraphy brush and learn about stroke order. 
  • Write some Chinese characters with a brush and ink following the correct stroke order. 

Next page is about football

29. Football


Football zúqiú 足球   



This stamp was issued in 1959 in a set of 16 stamps celebrating the 1st National Games. 



The two characters that make up the word for football are foot and ball. The character for foot, sort of looks like a man with a large foot. The original character for the foot may have been a drawing of the lower leg with a foot but it hasn't changed much from the ancient seal script. 


Suggested activities:

  • Find out Chinese words for some other sports: 
basketball ; tennis ; table tennis ; badminton ; rugby ; volleyball

Next page is about tea

30. Tea


Tea chá 茶   




This stamp was issued in 1994 in a set of 4 stamps showing Yixing unglazed teapots. 


A fun way to remember the character for tea is to break it up into its three different parts:


Gather the tea plant for a small cup of tea. 

Suggested activities:

  • Try some different Chinese teas. 
  • Look for different styles of Chinese teapots. 

Next page is about Zheng He

31. Zheng He


Zheng He zhèng hé  郑和   






This stamp was issued in 1985 in a set of 4 stamps celebrating the 580th anniversary of Zheng He's first voyage to western seas. 


Zhèng Hé 郑和 was born as Mǎ Hé 马和. He was captured as a slave but he worked hard and served the prince. He became a general and then an admiral with a large navy. He explored many countries. He served under three emperors and achieved many great things. 

和 hé also means 'and' or 'together with'. Historically it also means 'harmony' which helps explain the character. The character is made up from two characters - mouth and grain. If the mouths are filled with grain then everything is in harmony. 


Suggested activities:

  • Find out about the famous admiral and explorer Zheng He. 

Next page is about willow tree porcelain


32. Willow Tree Porcelain


Willow tree porcelain liǔshù cíqì 柳树瓷器   





This stamp was issued in 2000, a circular stamp in a miniature sheet about ceramics. 


The willow pattern porcelain became really popular in the UK in the 18th century. The designs copied early Chinese paintings. 

The last two characters mean porcelain. The first means willow and the second character means tree. The character for tree is a phonogram. Phonogram characters have one part which links to the meaning and one part which links to the sound. The traditional character for tree is 樹 which contains the sound part. However the character in simplified form is 树. 


The character for the wood is a simple picture which has changed over time:


Suggested activities:

  • Decorate a paper plate with a willow tree pattern. 
  • Find out about the story behind the willow tree porcelain. 

Next page is about Chinese knots

33. Chinese knots


Chinese knot zhōngguó jié 中国结   





This stamp was issued in 2003 and is a greeting stamp. 


The Chinese knot is a good luck charm and the character is made up from the two characters meaning silk and lucky. 


Suggested activities:

  • Learn how to make a simple Chinese knot.
  • Find out about the history of the Chinese knot. 

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